CRITICAL THINKING – Cognitive Biases: Alief [HD]


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In this video, the psychologist Laurie Santos (Yale University) explains the philosopher Tamar Gendler (Yale University)’s concept of alief — an automatic or habitual mental attitude. The video discusses why aliefs differ from beliefs and how aliefs can affect our important decisions more than we expect.

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CJ

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  1. @wireless Philosophy can you please tell us your sources? i would like to red more about biases. can you suggest any books?

  2. I had been trying to explain this "cognitive and rational knowledge being eclipsed by emotional erroneous beliefs" thing that had been causing me and the people around me so many problems. Maybe this video doesn't solve the issue, but words are powerful handles of our reality. Maybe this will help us understand that we all experience this, and that it's also a hard thing to overcome.
    Thank you. I'm hooked.

  3. omg is this why we can't save convicted terrorists? because they will always have this deep belief gays should be killed and women shouldn't show their hair?! makes sense to keep them in for life but isolated amoungst each other so they are unable convert any others

  4. Skydivers have a says Ng that "knowledge dispels fear". As a tandem skydive instructor with an interest in psychology and the human condition I have long considered my work to be helping individuals transcend their instinctive but irrational ALIEFS in favour of their scientific, knowledge based BELIEFS.
    More over, I suspect that each time an individual practices transcending ALIEFS in favour of beliefs, they are evolving into a more modern, more conscious human being.
    I haven't be able to explain this quite as succinctly as I can now thanks to your video. 🙂

  5. I love it when deceivingly simple ideas are so helpful in organising the way you look at the world. Great idea, and so well explained. Thanks!

  6. I suspect aliefs are also involved in how we treat men and boys for example. Consider how the sexes are treated differentially in prison, for example, on the same crimes.

  7. Arrational or irrational. And I am irritated about how this video tries to promote a coined terminology rather than the idea.

  8. isn't this just having no experience for the prior (the glass bridge), where we have tons of experience in crossing the street? considering the bayes framework, this makes perfect sense, so we can't update our priors effectively from non-personally-referential data i guess is the point (?). so all in all, wouldn't this just relate to a specific case of the information availability heuristic, where since there is no experience with the specific event it's evaluated based on relevance of experience in similar catagories?

    i mean, this would make sense, both from an evo-psych perspective and a bayesian learning perspective as we would probably activate the most closely related bayesian experience for the prior (height=danger, lack of support=danger), and we would be blindly evolutionary conditioned to avoid such situations.

    i mean, idk, aliens i guess, or without leaves, aliefs?

  9. so my fear of geckos is just an Alief! you see when i was about like two or three years old i saw my mother screaming as load as she could when she saw one in the kitchen thus i became ridiculously afraid of them 😛