Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – Cognitive Distortions and Irrational Ideas


This video describes cognitive distortions and irrational ideas, which are key constructs in cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Video Rating: / 5

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety

In this talk Dr. Keith Gaynor gives a brief introduction to the CBT ideas and skills that can be helpful in reducing anxiety. This will help people build the capability to protect and develop their own mental health and wellbeing.

Dr Keith Gaynor works as a senior clinical psychologist in the Outpatient Department of St John of God Hospital, Stillorgan. He specialises in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) treatments of anxiety and depression. Keith trained at King’s College London and University College Dublin. He has written widely in academic journals on the topic of CBT and is a regular contributor to the Irish media, including The Tubridy Show, Prime Time and The Irish Independent, on issues of mental health.
Video Rating: / 5

Like it? Share with your friends!



  1. Adding to irrational ideas: I must avoid disapproval from any source. I must get approval of all sources and I don't care about approval from any source

  2. Watching through this video, I was surprised by the various similarities that were present between each distortion. These comparisons show how many of these distortions have similar basis in the fears and worries that result.

  3. I have learned about cognitive distortions before, however what I appreciate about this video is the depth in which they are explained.  Additionally, I like how this video highlights the similarities between certain distortions and how to differentiate between the similar ones.

  4. Dr. Grande did a great job of explaining the differences between distortions and irrational ideas. Not only would this video help me to better understand my clients but also myself. Very helpful!

  5. The examples given by Dr. Grande help with understanding the distortions of our clients and what to look for when treating clients.

  6. Dr. Grande did a thorough job of making the distinction between cognitive distortions and irrational beliefs. I appreciated his explanation of how we could recognize these symptoms in our clients.

  7. I like the way Dr. Grande gives examples of how to recognize the distortions in our clients.

  8. I thought this video was very helpful in summarizing these concepts. It has given me a better understanding of how these things in some ways may overlap, & in other ways are separate, as well as how to tell the difference.

  9. I usually get confused on some of the cognitive distortions because a couple seem to be very similar but this video helped to clarify the differences with the explanations and examples given.

  10. This video does a good job of explaining the different cognitive distortions as well as irrational beliefs, and it clearly shows the difference between the two

  11. This video was definitely helpful, especially with the review and examples of cognitive distortions. I often thought that they seemed to overlap, and this video made that clearer for me.

  12. The examples of cognitive distortions and irrational ideas provided in the video helped clarify the difference between the two constructs (i.e. errors in thinking vs imperatives influenced by core and intermediate beliefs). Now I can easily distinguish the difference between the two and stop using the terms interchangeably!

  13. I love when people take the time to focus on areas that don't get alot of attention… people like myself that are currently going thru this really do appreciate your help!!

  14. How many years can a Client participate in cognitive behavioral therapy? And, does the Client continue to be in front of the Therapist during therapy.

  15. I have a problem with the sneaky words, "Errors in thinking".

    this creates a premise that there's a "right" and a "wrong" way ( for every "INDIVIDUAL") to think. This paradox would be more appropriate for an "existentialism" approach, which isn't too friendly to CBT.

  16. Very interesting stuff, when looking on the outside looking in some of this seems a little wonky, but when you put all of the pieces together of the person it really makes sense and I couldn't believe how many of the cognitive distortions I hear with my clients now and even my friends in my life.

  17. I fell/fall for most of the problems here…my experience is that making things black and white makes for less variables to handle and gives me a sense that i can get a grip of what is happening around me…or maybe think i am able to manipulate the world for my greater good or for its greater good.more easily..very narcicstic…but when you beleive you are in a world of sharks ..if you dont have your back noone will….thats another very irrational thought

  18. This video was really great and gave me a good understanding of the cognitive distortions that are present with the clients we will see in the future.  It was very helpful that each distortion was broken down and it made it much easier to understand.

  19. It’s a good talk. But it’s not CBT concept. It’s mindfulness concept. He talks about mindfulness concept under the topic of CBT concept. Concept is different from techniques. After understanding the concept one needs to learn the techniques to apply that concept. And CBT techniques are different at many levels from mindfulness techniques. If you really need help, learn about mindfulness techniques and practice them.

  20. “Feel the fear and do it anyway” is how I have to live, it’s not a coping mechanism. I’m anxious about all things. Anything from taking my dog out for a walk, or going to the post office. Unfortunately rexposing myself to these things never works because the reason I’m anxious about them is a bad prior experience that could happen again at any time. “Sitting with it” is what I’m always forced to do, and it never goes away. It honestly sounds like he’s addressing the regular anxiety of normal people: aka the kind that really does settle down. Going into an anxious situation for me doesn’t get better the more I expose myself to it…when it’s over I’m just thankful I survived-this time. I’ll have a pounding heart in my throat ready to jump for hours and hours until it’s over. If your anxiety can settle down in 90 minutes, you’re one of the lucky ones.

  21. Thank you so much. My anxiety is triggered taking my daughter to/from school. So I resorted to not taking her/getting my husband to. No longer. I will do this very hard walk. Thank you.

Comments are closed.